Loch Ness, Scotland
Written by Rick Archer
Published October 2013
STORY OF THE
LOCH NESS MONSTER
Rick Archer's Note:
This article takes a look at the enduring Loch Ness
mystery. I became intrigued with the story
when Marla and I visited Loch Ness on
our Oslo 2010 cruise.
I soon learned that Loch
Ness has an odd shape. It is 22 miles long and one
mile wide. I also learned that "Loch" is
Scottish for 'lake'. So I have a question for
you. Six of the names below are well-known lakes in Scotland, but one is made up.
Which one of the following lake names listed
below is a fake name?
Now before I
answer the question, I have another question for the
Reader. Have you ever heard of any of these
have heard of Loch Lomond. After all, it is
the largest lake in Scotland. But more likely
you have never heard of any of them. In fact,
I am sure the Reader will readily admit the only
lake in Scotland you have ever heard of is
Loch Ness. And we all know why that
Nessie is worth
a small fortune to the Scottish tourism industry.
Specifically, it is of great value to the economies
of Inverness (Gaelic for "mouth of the river
Ness") and the Highlands.
In fact, one can argue the legend of the Loch Ness
Monster is by far the most profitable 'rumor' in
history. For example, why on earth would our
cruise ship stop near this obscure place
Ness is the second largest Scottish lake by surface
area after Loch Lomond, due to its great depth, Loch
Ness is the largest lake by volume. Having
seen it, I can attest Loch Ness is
a vast lake indeed. My pictures of the lake
cannot begin to do justice to its immense size.
On the other
hand, compare Loch Ness and its surface area of
22 square miles to Lake Erie and its 9,910 square miles.
Mind you, Erie is the smallest Great Lake. In
other words, Loch Ness is big, but it isn't that big.
By the way,
"Loch Glen" is the fake name. Did you guess
it? Hey, cheer up. I would not have gotten it
right either. I am simply making the point
that without the monster, no one outside of
Glasgow or Edinburgh would have ever heard of
Loch Ness. The monster is responsible for its
The famous 1934 picture that started all the fuss
of the lakes listed - Loch Lochy, Loch
- are part of the Great Glen. The Great Glen is
series of rivers and lakes that follow a large geological fault
line known as the Great Glen Fault.
Basically the Great
Glen is an enormous gash in the earth that splits the Scottish
Highlands into two parts. The Great Glen forms a chain of
rivers, canals and lakes that connect the North Sea all the way to the Atlantic
Ocean. This long waterway is known as the Caledonian
Take a look at the map and try to guess how
long the canal is. I bet you will be surprised at the answer.
I know I was.
Completed in 1822, the
the Scottish Highlands into the Grampian Mountains to the
southeast and the Northwest Highlands to the northwest.
This giant gash in the earth is so deep that it divides Scotland in
two. In a way, the entire area known as the Northwest Highlands is
an "island" of sorts.
The Glen is a natural
travelling route in the Highlands of Scotland, which is used by both
the Caledonian Canal and the shoreline road A82.
Both arteries link the city of Inverness on the northeast coast with
Fort William on the west coast.
how long is canal? 60
The four lochs comprise
40 of the 60 mile length. Then there are 20 miles of man-made canals
that connect the lakes. However, if you add
Loch Linnhe just south of Fort William, then the distance
closer to 90 miles. And when you add in the large Moray
Firth at Inverness, the combined total reaches 130 miles.
Are there river cruises
on the Caledonian Canal? The answer is yes. Since the canal
cuts completely through Scotland’s interior, a boat can cross the
entire nation by water (hint - this makes for an excellent trivia
Inverness to Fort William, this unique waterway offers
visitors an unending path of spectacular scenery. There are
riverboats that take tourists on a fascinating voyage through the
legendary lochs and the giant mountains looming above complete with
castles and moors.
I knew you were going to
ask - The answer is "yes, there are locks on the lochs".
In addition to the 4 lochs, there are 29 locks, 4 aqueducts and 10
bridges in the course of the canal. In a manner similar to the
Panama Canal, there are locks at both end. There are eight locks at
Neptune's Staircase in Banavie and Dochgarroch Lock near Inverness
at the other end.
Cold Hard Facts about the Loch Ness Monster
To many, the
unusual depth of the lake lends credence to the
theory that maybe a monster might indeed exist down
there. Surely in this vast body of water a
giant sea serpent could find a subterranean lair to hide in.
do not agree. Few scientists believe such a creature like Nessie could
plausibly exist. They think the chances of a monster
surviving in these sub-zero waters are as likely as the
existence of Santa
For example, if Nessie was a plesiosaur or some
other Mesozoic marine reptile as some suggest, she
would need to surface frequently for air. Loch Ness may
be one of the largest freshwater bodies in Europe,
but it is hardly large enough for something of Nessie's
size to hide while breathing regularly. As
pictures of the lake indicate, one can see all the
way across the lake at a
glance. There are no easy nooks and crannies for a
creature the size of a whale to use
as secret breathing spots.
If we can spot
dolphins and whales that pop up quite regularly for
air, surely a floating dinosaur would be seen once a day by someone. Given that
there are so few 'sightings' considering the
ridiculous number of eyes scanning the loch all day
day, the possibility that any air-breathing animal
could avoid being spotted becomes exceedingly small.
Now it is true
that lots of people claim to see something.
However, with the
increased frequency of cell phone cameras, one would
should be plenty of pictures by now... but there are
Even if the hypothetical creature were
not an air
breather, then there's the problem of food supply.
Assuming the monster exists, it would have to eat
hundreds of times the weight of all available life
in the lake just to survive.
Unfortunately, Loch Ness has hardly any fish
larger than your average thumb. That is
because there is little for fish to eat! Since
the lake is too deep for sunlight to penetrate to
the lakebed, little to no vegetation grows in it.
If the lake can't sustain large fish, how would it
sustain a plesiosaur?
exactly would the monster reproduce over all these
centuries? One would assume a breeding
population of giant underwater monsters would
consist of several monsters for mating purposes, not
one thinks about it, the more implausible the legend
becomes. But after all those eyewitness
sightings, it becomes very difficult to not have
second thoughts. One is forced to wonder, "What
could it be?"
of the Loch Ness Monster
Legends of a monster in
Loch Ness have existed for over a thousand years.
Over the centuries there have been
several sightings. They all indicate some sort
of large fish. The Loch Ness Monster
is often called
Nessie, an anglicized version of
Niseag from Gaelic.
all accounts, the first written account of Niseag
Saint Adomnán (627-704), abbot of
Iona, wrote a biography called
The Life of St. Columba.
Adomnán reported that
in 565 AD an Irish saint named
saved a man from being attacked by the Loch Ness monster
simply by making the sign of the cross and commanding the
beast to retreat.
Comparing the date of the biography's publication to the
event itself, there is a gap of about one hundred years.
According to Adomnán, the Irish monk
Saint Columba was
staying in Scotland, the land of the Picts,
with his Irish companions when he
came across the locals burying a man by the River Ness. They
explained that the man had been swimming the river when he
was attacked by a "water beast" that had mauled him and
dragged him under.
They tried to rescue
him in a boat, but were able only to drag up his corpse.
Hearing this, Columba stunned the Picts by sending his
follower Luigne moccu Min to swim across the river.
beast came after him, but Columba made the sign of the Cross
and commanded: "Go no further. Do not touch the man. Go back
The beast immediately halted as if it had been
"pulled back with ropes" and fled in terror.
Startled by the spectacle of the beast cowering before
Columba's confident command, both
Columba's men and the pagan Picts praised God for the
1933 - The Mystery
Begins with a New Road
The series of
lakes known as the Great Glen form a long waterway
between giant mountains. These rugged mountains overlooking
the lakes made building a roadway very difficult. Not
until the 1930s did Scotland finally undertake a project to
blast a road out of the mountains that parallel the lake.
In 1933, the
new road A82 was
finally completed along the
waters of Loch Ness. This
shoreline-hugging path afforded
drivers a clear view of the lake. Some
say the massive rock debris falling into the Loch must have
surely awakened the sleeping monster. Almost
the moment the road opened, a
series of very strange sightings began to occur.
in particular were widely reported in the press.
April: Aldie MacKay
2 July: George Springer
3 August: Arthur Grant
4 December: Hugh Gray
April 1933 -
1: Aldie Mackay
On April 14, 1933, Mr and Mrs John
Mackay, proprietors of the Drumnadrochit Hotel, were
returning home from a trip to Inverness. It was about 3 pm
when Mrs Mackay pointed to the lake and said, "What's that,
The water in the middle of Loch Ness was in a state of
commotion. At first Aldie Mackay thought it was two ducks
fighting, but then she realized there was no way
a duck battle
could cause a disturbance so widespread.
As her husband slowed down, the two of them watched
incredulously as a creature swam towards the Aldourie pier
on the opposite side of the lake.
For a brief moment they glimpsed two black humps which rose
and fell in an undulating fashion. The creature then
suddenly sank beneath the water and did not reappear.
stared at each other incredulously. Shaking their
heads in disbelief, they had a hard time accepting what they
had just seen.
made no attempt to publicize their story.
gossip about the sighting reached
Alex Campbell, a young water bailiff
was understandably very curious.
Since he happened to be a local correspondent for the
Inverness Courier, he called upon the Mackays who agreed
to share their tale.
The story appeared two weeks after
the sighting on May 2, 1933.
The editor is said to have
commented, "If it's as big as they say
it is, it's not a creature,
it's a monster!"
And that is how the Loch Ness
Monster acquired its name.
July 1933 -
On a hot
summer afternoon, July 22, 1933, Mr and Mrs George Spicer
were in the Loch Ness area on
their way back to London after a holiday in the Highlands.
Around 4 pm
they were driving along the Loch Ness Lakeshore Road
they spotted a huge, black
long-necked creature that stretched
across the road.
They stopped the car and watched from 200 yards away.
To their surprise, they
realized this massive object was in motion. They gasped when
they realized they were looking at a long neck. This was
soon followed by a grey body about five feet high. It moved
across the road in jerks.
On 4 August 1933,
the Inverness Courier
published the assertion of a London man, George Spicer,
that he and his wife had seen 'a most extraordinary
form of animal' cross the road in front of their car.
the Courier report,
Commander Rupert Gould, a man
researching the Loch Ness Monster,
asked to interview them as well. Gould's account is
considered the most thorough.
George Spicer offered vivid details to Gould.
"It was horrible, an
described it as a "huge snail with a long neck, but with no
was the nearest approach to a dragon or pre-historic
animal that I have ever seen in my life."
The creature stood
about 4 feet high and was
25 feet long. It had a long
narrow neck that slightly thicker
than an elephant's trunk and as long as the width of the
road (about 10-12 feet wide); the neck had a number of
undulations in it.
and his wife were on a slope, they could not see
whether it had legs or not. By the time their car had
reached the top of the slope, it had vanished into the
Spicer said the animal trundled across the road
toward the Loch carrying "an animal" in its mouth.
It was later
suggested to be perhaps a dead sheep.
Gould said when he first heard of
this newest sighting he was dubious, but after speaking with
the Spicers at their London home, he had
no doubt they were
telling the truth. He described them as still shaken and
upset. He also noted that as "Londoners", they had no
knowledge of the local legend.
Rupert T Gould was a lieutenant commander in the British
Royal Navy. He was taken by George Spicer's earnestness in
relating this strange story; Spicer's sincerity struck a chord in
him. Thanks in large part to his meeting with George Spicer,
Gould would take a lifelong interest in the Loch Ness Mystery.
Gould became one of the
first to systematically investigate the Loch Ness Monster.
After the Spicer talk, Gould set off from Inverness on a motorcycle
on 14 November, 1938, and circled the Loch twice over a period of
days (a round trip was close to 50 miles). He interviewed as many witnesses as possible, including the Spicers. He investigated various theories for the sightings,
such as the idea that the monster was a prehistoric creature, or
perhaps a normal sea animal that had swum into the loch by accident.
The book which resulted from his travels is highly detailed and
includes reports on all known sightings, including some that
occurred prior to 1933. It is copiously illustrated; all three
of the photographs then believed to be of the monster are included,
in addition to numerous sketches based on eyewitness accounts.
Gould put all his
notes together and transcribed the first major work on the
phenomenon, entitled The Loch Ness Monster and
Others, a 1934 collection of several eyewitness accounts.
proved to be a big hit. After
his book was published,
Gould's interviews with people like
Arthur Grant and George Spicer became the definitive
lore to be repeated over generations. Consequently
Gould became the de facto spokesman on the
subject. He was a regular
contributor to radio shows and newspaper articles
any time the subject of the Monster came up.
conclusion was that there was a creature living in Loch
Ness. He is remembered as one of the earliest and most
thorough of the Loch Ness investigators. We all have
him to thank for the preservation of so much early information
relating to the creature and the many people who saw
whatever it is they saw.)
August 1933 -
1933, a motorcyclist named Arthur
Grant claimed to have nearly hit the creature while
approaching Abriachan on the northeastern shore
around 1 am on a moonlit night.
Grant claimed that he saw a small
head attached to a long neck, and that the creature saw him
and crossed the road back into the loch. A veterinary
student, he described it as a hybrid between a seal and a
Grant said he dismounted and
followed it to the loch, but only saw ripples.
Hugh Gray's Photograph
Hugh Gray is well known in Loch Ness Monster
circles as the man who took the first photograph of the Loch
Ness Monster. The event took place around noon on
November 12, 1933, near the mouth of the Foyers River
The Daily Record printed his picture as well as Mr.
"Four Sundays ago after church I went for my usual walk
near where the Foyers river enters the Loch. The
Loch was like a mill pond and the sun shining brightly.
An object of considerable dimensions rose out of the
water not very far from where I was.
immediately got my camera ready and snapped the object
which was two feet above the surface of the water. I did
not see any head, for what I took to be the front parts
were under the water, but there was considerable
movement from what seemed to be the tail, the part
furthest from me.
The object only appeared for a few minutes then sank out
Hugh Gray's picture.
Hmm. What exactly are we looking at here? The Blob?
Hugh Mackenzie, the future Provost of Inverness, conducted
Peter Munro was present as well. Munro was
representing Hugh Gray's employers at the British Aluminium
Company. Munro was along as a character witness as to
Whatever Munro said must have impressed Mackenzie because
Mackenzie went on to describe Hugh Gray as a man highly
respected by his fellow workmen, employers and locals.
Bolstering Gray's credibility, the Daily Record had
the negative examined by 4 experts who deemed it as
Over the years, Hugh Gray never once backed down from his
story. Tim Dinsdale, another major Loch Ness
researcher, recounts in his book Loch Ness
Monster how he visited Hugh Gray in April 1960. Dinsdale described Gray as "a most courteous individual" as
he took him to the spot of the sighting.
According to Dinsdale, Hugh Gray spoke with "complete
conviction" about the events of that day.
passage of time, not once did Gray wander from the same
details he had stated in his original story from 37 years
earlier. Indeed, Gray spoke as if the same thing had just
happened yesterday. It was permanently seared into his memory.
A Second Account of Hugh Gray's Photo
In November 1933 the creature was
photographed for the first time. Hugh Gray, an employee of
the British Aluminum Company, was walking on a wooded bluff
about 50 feet above the loch. Like George
Spicer, Gray was near Foyers as well.
Gray had seen the monster on a previous occasion and
consequently now carried his camera with him everywhere. On
Sunday, November 12, 1933, Gray sat down for a moment to
look out over the loch. It was a clear, sunny morning and
Gray could see all the way across to the northern shore
without a problem.
As he stared at the water, he saw
the creature rising up out of the water about two hundred
yards away. Gray raised his camera and snapped while it was
two or three feet above the surface. The creature quickly
dropped back down out of sight.
Gray was ambivalent about what to do next. He was very
worried about being subjected to derision, an instinct that
would prove painfully correct.
Gray left the film in his camera
for two weeks. Finally his brother couldn't stand the
suspense any more, so he took the film from Gray and handled
After Gray saw the results, he was disheartened. He had
taken five shots. Unfortunately, his shots were
blurred because he had hurried
too much. The best
shot showed only a vague, grayish bulk. Gray's other
four shots were even worse.
The blurred shot of the beast appeared in the Scottish Daily
Record and the London Daily Sketch on December 6, 1933,
along with a statement from the Kodak film company that the
negative had not been retouched.
As Gray feared, the critics came out in droves. Professor
Graham Kerr, zoologist at Glasgow University, declared that
the picture was utterly unconvincing.
Kerr said he couldn't even tell if it was actually a
depiction of any living thing.
1933 - Monster
had been quite a year for the Loch Ness Monster.
had all started with Aldie Mackay. Then came George
Spicer. Next up was Arthur Grant. Then came Hugh
Gray. There were several other sightings as well.
example, Hugh Gray's
photo was listed as the 25th report of the year.
There was so
much happening that people could hardly catch their breath.
Indeed, on November 23, just a few days after
Hugh Gray's sighting,
there was yet another event.
Kirton and his wife were walking down the hill behind
the Invermoriston Hotel when they saw a creature
swimming away from them. They saw a rounded back with a
protuberance in the middle. It seemed to them to be "like
the rear view of a duck in a pond", but much larger of
course. Commander Gould
registered the Kirton's observation as
1933's 26th sighting.
One week later came the 27th
sighting. Miss Nancy
Simpson saw the monster lying motionless in the water
for ten minutes in an area near Altsigh. She judged
its length to be about 30 feet long. Then she saw it swim
underneath to the center of the loch "at the speed of an
outboard motor boat".
As one would imagine, Monster Fever was now rampant in
Public interest built gradually during the spring of 1933,
then picked up sharply after Mr and Mrs George Spicer
reported seeing the creature lumbering across the shore
By October, several London newspapers had sent
correspondents to Scotland, and radio programs were being
interrupted to bring listeners the latest news from the
loch. A British circus offered a reward of £20,000 for the
capture of the beast.
Hundreds of boy scouts and outdoorsmen
arrived, some venturing out in small boats, others setting
up deck chairs and waiting expectantly for the monster to
Hunters began flocking to Loch Ness in the hope of capturing
the monster. One man said he was "determined to catch
the monster dead or alive". Another hunting party
claimed they were having a special harpoon gun made and
would return with 20 "experienced men" to track the monster
This development alarmed everyone. Everyone agreed
that as the creature was popular with the public, it would
be better not to kill either it or the myth.
There was so much certainty that a creature did indeed exist
that in Parliament, the House of Commons debated what sort
of protection might be afforded the monster. Documents
show consideration was given to issues such as stationing
observers round the loch to capture Nessie on camera and
whether it would be possible to trap the monster without
"That there is some strange creature in Loch Ness seems now
beyond doubt, but whether the police have any power to
protect it is very doubtful."
- Marmaduke Wetherell
In just one year, the story had
infected all of Great Britain. Indeed, the story had
spread to most of the planet as well. This frenzy set
the scene for perhaps the most incredible story of all.
Into this super-charged atmosphere appeared a former soldier
of fortune with the improbable name of Marmaduke Wetherell.
The world would never be the same.
Marmaduke (“Duke”) A. Wetherell
was a flamboyant Fleet Street figure.
A born self-promoter, some
called him a rogue and a scalawag.
His dubious reputation aside, Duke was a character so profoundly absurd
that a movie should be made about him... or at least a
statue in his honor should be erected for his part in
creating the Loch Ness Monster legend.
The most extensive account of Wetherell on the Internet can be found in a strange article concerning the making of the
Rose of Rhodesia. Duke Wetherell was the
lead actor in the movie.
Yorkshire-born Marmaduke (“Duke”) A. Wetherell began his
career overseas as a frontier policeman in the
Bechuanaland Protectorate (Botswana).
Returning to England, he acted in northern repertory
theaters and spent a couple of
years in North-Western Rhodesia (Zambia) as a pioneer
farmer at Choma before taking
to the stage again in 1912 with Leonard Rayne’s South
African touring company. He was “loaned” to AFP in 1916,
appearing as a lead character in most of their films,
and played an active role in the production of A
Border Scourge in Swaziland over Christmas and New
Year of 1916-17.
According to one report, “Duke” had got on splendidly
with Labotsibeni, the
sage old Queen Mother of the Swazi.
Yorkshire up in the northern part of England, Duke Wetherell
spent much of his 20s and 30s overseas in Africa.
First Wetherell was a policeman. Then he was an actor
in the 1917 silent-film classic Rose of Rhodesia
(we've all seen that one, right?). There are even
suggestions that Wetherell was once the boyfriend of
Labotsibeni, the most famous African queen in the world.
After his acting
career tailed off, Wetherell morphed into a big-game hunter
and safari leader. Later in the 1930s, he became a
writer, director, and producer back in England. Or so
If a movie is
ever made about the story behind the Loch Ness Monster
furor, Duke Wetherell has to be the lead role for sure.
One can easily visualize the hype:
is the incredible story of an
cop turned actor turned big game hunter turned monster
hunter. Doc Savage and Indiana Jones, meet Marmaduke Wetherell... khaki shirt, bushy beard, monkey
perched on shoulder, wide brimmed hat, maniacal stare,
For a man who
led a wild and colorful life, Wetherell would
become most famous for permanently etching the Loch Ness
Monster legend deep into the hearts and minds of the entire
better to track down an elusive
dinosaur than our brave hero,
Marmaduke Wetherell, the infamous
big game hunter from the deadly jungles of
The Hunt for
Rick Archer's Note:
Much of the following account was written by Tony Harmsworth
in his book "Loch
flurry of 1933 dinosaur sightings
had captured the public's imagination in
a big way. People were hungry for information.
newspaper Daily Mail was
hot on the trail of the story.
Even the slightest
mention of the Loch Ness Monster was huge for sales.
Now the Daily Mail was
no longer content to simply wait for new
stories to break.
They wanted to
stir things up a little. So in December 1933 the paper
decided to send an expedition up
to Loch Ness. They found the right man to lead the
no time. On December 18, he set off
for the loch
with an entourage of reporters.
He also brought along a Daily Mail
photographer named Pauli to better
document his glorious adventure.
Wetherell seemed very confident. He even
chartered a motor vessel called the
Penguin in case it became necessary to pursue the
monster across the loch. Wetherell
said he wasn't going to just photograph the beast, he would
even try to capture it if the opportunity presented itself.
Wetherell's next move was to
enlist the help of young Arthur Grant,
the veterinary student who had nearly run into the monster
while riding his motorbike several months back. Wetherell asked Grant to
show him the spot where the creature had been sitting in the
road near Abriachan.
After just 48 hours of searching, Wetherell found
fresh footprints on the loch's
beach of a large, four-toed animal. Based
on the stride between these
newly laid footprints, this
suggested to his experienced stalker's eye "a very powerful
soft-footed animal about 20 feet long."
Wetherell added that this track was less than a few hours
Even better, thanks
to Wetherell's foresight to bring a photographer along, his
friend Pauli was Johnny on the spot to immortalize the exact
moment that Wetherell discovered giant footprints in the
That was fast! People
throughout the Loch Ness community were
impressed at how quickly Wetherell had made progress.
Was it just good fortune
or was it Wetherell's great skill
as a big game hunter which enabled him to discover
those rather large
Whatever the answer, his skill was
With great fanfare, Wetherell made
plaster casts of the giant
Shortly before Christmas
Eve, he sent
them off to the British Natural
History Museum in London for analysis.
The Daily Mail printed every detail and electrified the
odd timing of Wetherell's discovery made for a very unusual
Christmas Season in Merrye Olde England.
People were so
excited they could hardly contain themselves. However,
the examiners told everyone to calm down; they would need
some time to study these prints. Besides, it was
Christmas. People would just have to wait. After all, they had families too!
Forced to wait
for the museum’s verdict all through Christmas and into the
1934 New Year, no one had the slightest bit of patience.
While the world waited for the museum zoologists to return
from holiday, legions of monster hunters descended on Loch
Ness, filling the local hotels.
floodlit for the occasion and traffic jammed the shoreline
roads in both directions. Santa Claus was spotted near
the lake twice.
Calm down? As for the
Mail, it wasn't going to wait.
Far from it! Heck, their very own guy had broken the
Monster story wide open with his footprint discovery.
Wetherell had been hired in December 1933 in part due to his
boast that he could produce fast results. Now that the
big game hunter had delivered, they weren't going to sit on
the scoop of the century for nothing!
Pictured is the
Daily Mail's famous headline. Note the date on the
paper is December 21, 1933. This was the issue where
the Daily Mail broke the news of Wetherell's amazing
discovery. The world was on fire with Monster Fever.
All that was
left now was the wait for the upcoming Museum announcement.
That seemed a certainty. Surely the experts would confirm
the footprint conclusively proved the existence of a
dinosaur-like amphibian living in the Loch Ness waters.
The excitement was unbearable.
It took ten
days, but finally the suspense was over. The British Museum
said it was ready with an announcement.
A breathless army of reporters rushed over
to report the big
news. The Museum said their analysis had shown that
the footprints were entirely consistent with that of a
somewhat shriveled hippopotamus foot.
Hippopotamus? What exactly was a
hippopotamus footprint doing next to the spot where Arthur
Grant had spotted the monster? There had been 27
sightings of the Monster in 1933 and not one of them
suggested a hippo.
abounded about the source of this foot and all sorts of
explanations were provided. These suggestions ranged
from a local person’s umbrella stand to the possibility that
a circus had passed by and allowed a real hippo to go for a
theory claimed that over the years many traveling circuses
had used the road that runs parallel to the loch. They
theorized that larger animals such as hippos and elephants
were set free to cool off and wash in the waters of the
loch. In fact, perhaps the alleged serpent was in
reality just your average elephant going for a swim,
resulting in what looked like some sort of monster from a
difficult to poke holes in this theory. For one thing,
what sort of African-born hippo or elephant wants to "cool off" in the
icy Loch in December? The poor animal would surely
either freeze to death or at the minimum get sick.
And what circus
lets its valuable elephants swim free in the Loch?
What if Babar doesn't want to return? Then what?
Just how exactly does one coax a giant elephant into coming
back on shore? Play bagpipes?
theories were so preposterous that almost overnight the
entire planet lost its patience with the monster stories.
Most people thought there was a much better explanation...
someone had obviously planted that mysterious footprint and
that person was probably Marmaduke Wetherell!
Every newspaper in Great Britain had a field day with that
one... except the London Daily Mail of course.
The editors there didn't see any humor at all.
Wetherell explained to the Daily Mail
that he himself had
been hoaxed by the fake hippo print.
Nonsense. The paper didn't believe a word he said.
Now that Wetherell had made himself as
well as the Daily Mail the laughing stock of the nation, the
Daily Mail promptly sacked the amazing big game hunter...
and apparently they weren't delicate about it either.
Embarrassed and humiliated, Wetherell
became bitter over
his treatment by the paper. He slunk back to
Twickenham a bitter and beaten man.
Marmaduke and the Daily Mail weren't the only ones
crimson-faced with shame. The entire Inverness area
had become the butt of the joke for the whole world. It
wasn't easy, but most people had been willing to keep a
straight face when Hugh Gray's picture of the blob was first
sheer absurdity of the circus explanation pushed everyone
completely over the edge. In the blink of an eyelash, the
farce surrounding the fake hippo footprint switched the
Monster story from serious business to great mirth.
People began to giggle.
outburst of hilarity was absolutely seismic. It had taken
the work of only one idiot like Wetherell to change the
entire world's perspective from excitement and fascination
to ridicule. Once the monster rumor was seen in this
new and far less flattering light, the Inverness area was
taken to task for trying to dupe the world with their
ridiculous fish tale.
the monster legend began to appear
in newspapers around the world. Everyone had a good
laugh and pretty soon the story completely vanished from the
was done with and put to rest. Or so they thought...
1934 - The Surgeon's
The furor had barely died down when
suddenly the Loch
Ness Monster came roaring back to life. Only four short
months had passed since the footprint scandal when a new
development shocked the nation.
On April 21,
1934, the iconic picture of the monster first appeared
in the London Daily Mail.
The sensation this photo caused was practically cataclysmic.
People were dumbfounded. Seeing was definitely
gosh, it's real! The monster is real! I can't
believe it. It's really real after all!"
The story behind
the famous picture involved Colonel Robert Kenneth Wilson, a
highly respected London-based gynecologist. Wilson had
quietly come forward to present the London Daily Mail
with a picture that appeared to show a sea serpent rising
out of the water of the Loch.
Wilson said he
took the photograph early in the morning on April 19, 1934,
while driving along the northern shore of Loch Ness.
Returning from a hunting trip, Wilson noticed something
moving in the water and stopped his car to take a photo.
out to be rather skittish about his remarkable photograph.
He preferred the
paper keep his identity a secret. Wilson did not
mind accepting money from the paper in exchange for rights
to his valuable photograph, but oddly enough, he refused to
allow his name to be used. When asked, he said the lady
companion along with him that day was a married woman... but not
married to him...
"gynecologist" didn't have the right ring to it, the Daily
Mail named it The Surgeon's Photo.
the photo quickly appeared in
newspapers around the world,
captivating people in every distant corner of the planet.
excitement, it didn't take long for
the burning question
to be raised. How valid is this photo? The
debate began; this became the most controversial
topic of the day.
skeptics came out in droves. Their patience with this
nonsense was completely exhausted. They didn't believe
the picture was legitimate. Plus the footprint scandal
had left a bad taste. Fool me once, shame on
you, but fool me twice, shame on me.
iconic image managed to withstand the challenge.
Although it never actually proved the existence of the Loch
Ness monster, it was sufficiently compelling to nourish the
legend and shake the doubters. For one thing, this
time the new evidence managed to win over many of the
scientists. Scientific experts were called in to
examine the photo and they declared it could be a
plesiosaur. They also mulled over the wave patterns
and concluded the beast was definitely on the move, adding
to the picture's authenticity (a stationary photo would be
easier to fake).
London Daily Mail stood firmly beside its image.
Unlike the fake hippo print, this photograph proved much
more difficult to question and to prove false. Even
better, the public was on their side. To
their satisfaction, the public was by and large completely
convinced this photo was the real thing.
When asked who
had taken the picture, the editors referred to the
impeccable reputation of the source. They told anyone
who asked that the man who brought forward the picture did
not wish to have his privacy violated, but that he was an
upstanding pillar of the community.
Of course, the
mystery of the man's identity simply reinforced the
skeptics' belief that the London Daily Mail would stop at
So who was this
Lt Colonel Robert Kenneth
Wilson (1899-1969) fought in both world
was no ordinary pencil pusher who barked orders from a safe,
comfortable office in London.
In WW I, Wilson had seen action at the front lines and
received several promotions. In the upcoming WWII,
Wilson would join the Special Operations Executive
to parachute behind enemy lines into Holland, France and
Borneo. He was obviously a very
was a well-known expert on
firearms. He was asked to
lecture on ballistics at the Old
Bailey during the 1930s. He also wrote a definitive text on
automatic pistols with editions published in 1943 and 1975.
Wilson was also
an accomplished physician.
He was an Edinburgh Fellow
of the Royal College of Surgeons (1926) who had a
practice in general surgery and gynecology
on Queen Anne
Street and Harley Street during
In other words,
R. Kenneth Wilson, MD, wasn't your average witness. He
was a highly respected member of the London medical
community. If Wilson said he had taken a photo of the Loch
Ness Monster, the London Daily Mail was not ready to
rigorously interrogate the good doctor.
And why should
they? This photograph was worth a king's ransom.
The paper's circulation was at an all-time peak. It
was hardly in their best interests to ask too many hard
This photograph would become the defining image of the Loch
The picture itself was riveting. In
many ways, the monster's new picture far exceeded the
imaginations of most people. Previous descriptions had
included unflattering words such as "beast, abomination,
Instead what people
saw now was
a classic portrait of an upraised head and
long slender neck held over the
waterline. To everyone's surprise, the
monster was as poised and
graceful as any swan, yet
decidedly serpentine in its visage.
The subtlety of
the shadowed figure on the gloomy waters made a dramatic
People weren't afraid of it anymore.
As monsters go, whatever it was, it didn't seem particularly
dangerous. In fact, this lost-in-time creature seemed
vulnerable and very lonely. It evoked a type of
could not help but look at the photo and think, "Hey, that's
a damn good-looking monster!"
As any fan of
Dracula will attest, if a monster is sexy and good-looking,
people will forgive a lot of things. And let's face it
- Nessie was very sexy.
The picture was
a real boon for the Monster Legend.
this photograph, the legend may
very well have perished for good. Instead,
the goofy hippo prank was quickly
forgotten and the Faithful
returned. Hopeful viewers of a wild
spectacle flocked to the loch in
droves. Countless people lined the
shores with binoculars, cameras and picnic lunches to
peer out over the waters should
Nessie decide to reappear for an
The famous 1934 picture that started all the fuss
Thanks to the
Surgeon's Photo, the media had a field day.
The world had become totally infatuated with the Monster. In
fact, the picture had become so popular that the world
begged to know the identity of the hero who had snapped the
photo. Noting the fanfare, Wilson, the reclusive
surgeon, decided to come
forward and identify himself.
Do you remember
Rupert T. Gould, the man who interviewed
George Spicer? Apparently R Kenneth Wilson
contacted Gould and did an interview. In turn, Gould
put Wilson's "Surgeon's Photo" on
the cover of his book The Loch Ness Monster and
Others and published
Wilson's identity for the first time. This was quite a
coup for Gould and guaranteed his book would become a
No one can be
sure why Wilson chose to step forward, but people have
speculated Wilson originally wanted to escape the kind of
criticism and ridicule that had followed publication of Hugh
Gray's "Blob" photo. Once he realized his picture was a huge
hit, perhaps Wilson wanted to bask in the adulation for
breaking this mystery wide-open.
So what did
Rupert Gould learn from Wilson's report?
On April 19th,
1934, Wilson and a friend named Maurice Chambers were
driving northward (note that Wilson changed his story about
the 'married woman' who was his earlier reason for not
saying much). The two men had leased a wild fowl shoot
near Inverness and meant to take some photographs of the
Wilson had borrowed a camera with a telephoto lens for the
occasion. It was 7 am in the morning. They stopped the car
on a small promontory two miles north of Invermoriston.
As they stood watching the surface, they noticed signs of
'considerable commotion'. Wilson's friend Chambers shouted,
"My God, it's the monster!"
Wilson rushed to the car, came back with the camera, and
managed to expose four plates in such a hurry that he did
not even look at what he was photographing. The creature
almost immediately withdrew below the water surface.
said he never got much of a look at it. Wilson claimed
only to have seen "something in the water" some
200-300 yards from shore.
Unsure whether he had captured
anything, Wilson hurried to town and took the plates to a
chemist named Morrison,
announcing that he had just seen
and photographed the Loch Ness Monster.
two exposures were blank and the fourth
one lackluster. However the
third photo was exceptional; it
became the one known
worldwide as the "Surgeon's
the publication of Wilson's photo provided a closure of
sorts. People were much happier believing Wilson's
photo was legitimate after the disappointment of the fake
hippo print. It was obvious that the public wanted
there to be a Loch Ness Monster.
Regardless, the Loch Ness Monster
faded from public interest shortly afterward with the rise
of a far greater monster, Adolph
Hitler. As threats of a
Second World War
loomed ominously, people now had a far
more serious problem to concern themselves with.
Indeed, for the
next 60 years,
outside of the Inverness area,
Nessie was largely forgotten. There was
an occasional new photograph,
but none anywhere near as
compelling as Wilson's had been.
During this time, R Kenneth Wilson's picture became accepted
in the public's mind as the true picture of the Loch Ness
Monster. Wilson had
not only photographed Nessie, he had
For over half a
century, the Surgeon's Photo served as an enduring symbol to rally all true believers.
The photo was so compelling that the Believers based much of
their defense upon its validity. Whenever the Skeptics appeared to be winning the Nessie-doesn't-exist
argument, the Believers would trot out the cornerstone of
their defense, "But what about the Surgeon's Photo?"
Try as they might, thanks to that photo,
the Skeptics were getting
nowhere debunking the story in the court of public opinion. The Skeptics could churn
out dozens of scientific reasons why the Monster had to be a Myth,
but as long as that picture stood, the
Loch Ness Monster was Real in the public's eye.
researchers Alastair Boyd, a zoologist, and David Martin, a
were members of a scientific project dedicated to discern
the truth of the Loch Ness mystery.
Leaving no stone
unturned, they came across an obscure 1975 letter in the gossip column
of a British news magazine in
which Marmaduke Wetherell's son Ian claimed he and his
father had once fabricated a photograph of the monster.
had written a letter to Mandrake of "Sunday Morning with
Mandrake". (Note: Mandrake is the name of the long-established
social diary in The Sunday Telegraph newspaper).
Ian Wetherell related how
he had once helped his father and a man named Maurice
Chambers pull off a fake Nessie
"We found an
inlet where the tiny ripples would look like full size
waves out on the loch, and with the actual scenery in
the background. Then it was just a matter of winding up
the sub and getting it to dive just below the surface so
the neck and head drew a proper little V in the water."
Boyd and Martin
stared at the yellowed newsprint in shock. This December 7,
1975, letter in the Sunday Telegraph was a real
corker, but apparently the entire world had missed its
significance. Why had
they never heard of this before? And why didn't anyone
follow up on it?
thought, they assumed that no one knew how to put two and
monster's existence wasn't exactly a burning issue in 1975.
No one was keen on the Ness monster at the moment. So
'apathy' was one explanation.
Wetherell did not specify which particular photograph of the
monster he was speaking of. Since there were at least
a dozen or more possibilities to choose from, no one suspected this
might have something to do with the most important photo of
all, the Surgeon's Photo.
people reading the paper had not the slightest idea in 1975 that the "Wetherell"
name had been intimately connected to the monster from back
in 1934. Consequently the average citizen never gave
the admission a second thought.
really aroused Boyd and Martin's curiosity were two
unusual facts contained in the letter. Ian Wetherell had named Maurice Chambers as a part of
the conspiracy. Boyd and Martin remembered
Wilson had told Rupert Gould that Chambers was his
companion on the day he took photo.
Wetherell had mentioned that the photo
taken had included the far shoreline in
the image. Very few
people knew that the Surgeon's Photo was actually a
crop taken from a much larger picture that had a
stretch of the Loch
Ness shoreline in the background. However, Boyd and
Martin were well aware of this obscure fact.
letter had a definite ring of authenticity about it!
Boyd and Martin stumbled on another mind-blowing
fact. They noted that the Loch Ness Phenomena
Investigation Bureau and Maurice Burton of the
Natural History Museum possessed copies of the
1975 article, but had not given the information any apparent
could this be? How could such an important
lead as this have slipped through the cracks?
The more they
thought about it, the more bewildered Martin and Boyd
became. Staring them in the face was clear evidence
that certain authors of published works about the Loch Ness
monster were behaving suspiciously. These authors had
access to correspondence and other information that should
have made them realize the Surgeon's Photograph was a hoax.
But seemingly they had dropped the ball.
In Boyd and
Martin's opinion, it likely would have taken a willful
ignorance to ignore the true significance of what the
materials meant. This was too big an oversight to be a
Then it dawned on them - there had
been a cover-up. Certain knowledgeable people had
deliberately chosen to suppress the truth about the
Surgeon's Photograph. Obviously they had their reasons
and agenda to allow the Surgeon's Photo to continue unchallenged.
Boyd and Martin
took a while to let that sink in. Both men continued
to shake their heads in disbelief. This was like a 4
year old learning there was no Santa Claus, but much worse.
They had dedicated their lives to uncovering the truth only
to find out they were being deceived by certain people they trusted.
After talking it
over, they decided they wanted to know as much of the truth
as possible. Unfortunately, sixteen years had passed
since the 1975 article. They knew Wilson, Chambers,
and Marmaduke Wetherell had already died. But what about Ian
Witherell? No luck. They soon learned that Ian
Wetherell had died five years earlier in 1986.
was one last hope. Christian Spurling, Ian's 89
year-old step-brother, was still around... but just barely.
took the lead. Martin and his wife Jane met Spurling
and his wife Joy at Spurling's home in February 1991. To
Martin's undying relief, Spurling was more than willing to
talk about the Surgeon's Photo. Spurling said this whole affair had
been a prank cooked up by his stepfather Marmaduke Wetherell.
Spurling's key comment at that meeting was: "It's not a
genuine photograph. It's a load of codswallop and always has
the popularity of the photograph had long been a source of
great amusement to his family. In other words, the
secret of the Surgeon's Photo was known to quite a few
people in the family circle, but no one bothered to share
with the outside world. Martin shook his head in
disbelief. With so many people aware of Marmaduke's
shenanigans, how had the truth stayed hidden for so long?
Boyd and Martin
decided there could be only one explanation. The truth
had stayed hidden this long because practically everyone
associated with the monster wanted it to stay that way.
asked to participate in the follow-up interview. Boyd
and Martin visited Spurling in June 1992.
This time Spurling was ready to tell everything that
had happened down to the last detail.
Christian Spurling's Story
Spurling said he
had been 30 years old when the fuss and fury surrounding the
monster had reached its fever pitch. Like anyone else,
he and his younger stepbrother Ian, 21 at the time, had followed the events of 1933
in the paper closely. So did his stepfather Marmaduke
In his youth,
Marmaduke had spent many years leading safari expeditions
through the African bush in South Africa and surrounding
areas. As a big game hunter, he was no stranger to
tracking large and very dangerous animals. Those had
definitely been his glory years. But Duke Wetherell was 50
now. Those days were long gone. Now Wetherell missed
the limelight badly.
explained, in the privacy of his home, it turned out Marmaduke
believed in the existence of the monster. In fact,
Marmaduke was obsessed with the monster. Almost daily
he would speak of his ever-changing theories about
the monster. One day it was a hippo, the next day a
salamander, a rhino,
a giant tortoise,
a sturgeon or a seal.
Finally Duke Wetherell
couldn't take it anymore. He was itching to get
back in the game and he had an idea how to do it. He would approach the London
Daily Mail and offer his services tracking down the Loch
Sure enough, he
set up an appointment. Duke Wetherell started the
interview by boasting
of his prowess in the African bush. He told stories how he
had led wealthy men deep into the wilderness and how he
always came through for them. He could track any
animal in the world.
However, the men
at the Daily Mail were very skeptical. Tracking a lion
in Botswana was one thing, but how did he expect to find an
underwater monster when not one local person in the area had
the slightest clue? Where was he going to look first?
What was he going to use for bait?
unfazed. He confidently predicted he could pull this
off. Bankroll him for two weeks and he would guarantee
The Daily Mail
editors rolled their eyes. This seemed like a waste of
money. However, that's when Wetherell reminded them
how people had said the same thing about Christopher
Columbus and look how that gamble had turned out.
In the end,
Wetherell's brazen confidence and fast-talk had won him the
job. The editors could not believe the brass of this
guy, but heck, why not? What did they have
Wetherell felt pressure to produce quick results. In
fact, he was worried he had bitten off more than he chew.
He was desperate for the attention any sort of discovery
would bring him, but he had no more idea how to find the
monster than the next guy. It wasn't like the monster
was going to leave bread crumbs in the water for him to
Spurling dropped a bombshell. It was Marmaduke's
desperation to justify his big talk quickly that had
prompted him to fake the hippo print in the first place.
Boyd and Martin
were incredulous. They could hardly believe their
ears. In the past, Marmaduke had always denied that he
had been the one to fake the footprint. So they asked Spurling to elaborate.
that the night prior to leaving for Loch Ness to begin his
expedition, Marmaduke had been talking about how important
it was to produce immediate results for the newspaper.
Marmaduke had already decided this expedition was his last
hope at a big score. He wanted to recapture the glory of his
youth when all cameras were focused on him. He was
determined to milk this opportunity for a long ride back to
smoked a cigarette in his den, Marmaduke noticed his
solid silver ashtray was set on top of an actual
hippopotamus foot. Hmm. He picked it up and ran his
fingers over the four-toed base. The wheels of
his mind turned.
spot, Marmaduke decided to pack the hippo ashtray
and bring it along with him. In other words,
Marmaduke Wetherell had come fully prepared to
create his own discovery. After exploring the
area for a couple days, one night Wetherell slipped out of his
hotel and returned to the investigation
area to make the footprints while there was no one
Wetherell thought he was so clever. And then to his
dismay, he got busted by the Museum of Natural
paused for a moment. In fact, the original
silver ashtray was probably still in the possession
of the Wetherell family. Spurling imagined
Boyd and Martin could track it down if they cared
laughed. One of the amazing facts of Marmaduke's ploy
is that no one in the press had ever printed that the
footprints were all from the same left hind foot.
Didn't anyone find that a little bit strange?
And no one in
the press had pointed out that the hippo print from the
ashtray was less than half the size of an ordinary hippo's
If anything, the
Museum of Natural History had done Wetherell a real favor by
limiting their public criticism. When they called it a
"somewhat shriveled hippo foot", what they really meant to
say was that the footprint was nowhere near the right size.
Spurling laughed some more, then started up with more of the
Spurling said he
had not known in advance what his stepfather had tried to
pull off, but once he learned the truth, he was proud of
the old man. What a brilliant trick!
was quite a guy. He had more guts than any man he had ever
met. Marmaduke had attempted to fool the entire world
with an ashtray hippo print. How would anyone ever be
able to top that?
On the other
hand, his grandfather had been also been a real fool. In
retrospect, this hippo foot prank probably didn't have the
slightest chance in hell to succeed. Unfortunately,
Wetherell had simply not thought this through properly.
Too bad it
hadn't worked out. Nice try though!
had to face the music. The editors at the London Daily
Mail reamed him inside and out. Wetherell had ruined
the credibility of their paper. His stupid stunt had
made their paper not just the laughingstock of London, but
the entire goddamn world! What the hell was he
tried to bluster his way out by saying someone in the Loch
Ness area had played a dirty trick on him, but the editors
weren't buying it. They had correctly guessed that
Wetherell would say anything to save his skin. After
all, what was that nonsense about the footprint's "spoor"
being only a few hours old? Gosh, Marmaduke, are you
telling us you can't tell a hippo track from a sea monster
track? What were you DOING in Africa all those years?
That's when they
told him to get the hell out of their office and go jump in
a loch. Then for good measure, the Daily Mail printed
a story publicly castigating Wetherell for the entire
scandal. If the public wanted to blame someone for the
deception, go take it up with Marmaduke Wetherell, not the
incensed at the way those snobs at the Daily Mail had
treated him. No one had the right to talk to him like
that! No one had the right to publicly embarrass him
like that! He was completely and utterly humiliated.
for a moment. He pointed out that Wetherell had a lot of
pride. He didn't handle some of the things those
editors called him very well. "Scam artist, buffoon,
rhino chaser, big talker." His oversized ego was badly
wounded. But the worst part was the public criticism.
Unfortunately, there wasn't much Wetherell could do to fight
back. It wasn't libel for a paper to tell the truth.
As Spurling put
it, "My stepfather was
an extrovert, an eccentric, a likeable rogue.
But most of all, he was a vain
attention seeker. The paper had insulted
him and slapped him the face. He vowed to get even."
stepfather had seethed for days on end. However,
rather than accept his humiliation was his own fault,
Wetherell decided the fat cats at the Daily Mail needed to
pay for their cheekiness. He was going to teach them a
That is when
Marmaduke Wetherwell made his fateful decision. He
decided to pull one over on the smug bastards.
Muttering aloud, "We'll give them their monster," he and his
son Ian decided to stage a photo. They started by
purchasing a clockwork submarine and several tins of plastic
Next Marmaduke and his son Ian approached Christian Spurling
with the idea of creating a fake monster. Spurling was
brought in on the conspiracy due to his skills as an expert
monster was modeled on the idea of a sea serpent," Spurling
recalled. Spurling decided to be careful. He
intended to make it took look as realistic as possible.
First he studied a book of dinosaurs. He picked the
plesiosaur since it best resembled various sketches of the
creature made back in 1933. Then he took his time
making the dinosaur look realistic.
In all, it took
him 8 days to build the model. Mounting the 12-inch wood
plastic sea serpent model on top of the 14-inch toy
submarine, he now had a miniature monster simulation way
ahead of its time, easily 60 years ahead of Spielberg's Jurassic Park dinosaurs.
had done their job well, now they had to find a sponsor.
It would do no good for Marmaduke to prance back into the
London Daily Mail waving his photographs. For this to
work, they needed to find someone credible to sell their
photo to the world.
acquaintance named Maurice Chambers, an insurance agent,
suggested Colonel R. Kenneth Wilson. Robert Wilson and
Chambers had leased a wildfowl shoot at the Beauly Firth
near Inverness. Maybe they could photograph the monster
model up near there, get it developed and then take it to
explained to Marmaduke that his buddy Wilson was extremely
fond of a practical joke. The surgeon would be a suitable
candidate since Wilson had a devilish sense of humor and
would be ripe for a good prank. Spurling didn't think
that wasn't much of a reason for Wilson to participate, but
apparently all it took was a suggestion from Chambers to get
Wilson on board. Chambers said Dr. Wilson was game to
give it a try.
One really has to wonder why a doctor like Wilson risked his
entire career and reputation to participate in this scheme
when there was nothing in it for him. Wilson had
nothing to gain and much to lose.)
On April 19,
1934, Duke and Ian Wetherell drove one car to Loch Ness
while Wilson and Chambers drove another.
They found a
quiet bay at the edge of the loch and put the submarine in
motion. Ian Wetherell took four photos. Despite
the small size of the model, once surrounded by water, the
men agreed the monster model looked very realistic.
Now it was time
for Robert Kenneth Wilson to offer the pictures to the Daily Mail. This was the easy part. The
Daily Mail took the bait faster than you can say 'Trojan
So history was
made and Wetherell got his revenge. Or did he?
newest stunt backfired in a very strange way. The irony is
that the fake picture was the luckiest thing to ever happen
to the Daily Mail. The paper saw its
circulation explode and never suffered the slightest
negative consequence in the process.
original plan was to expose the newspaper for its greedy
tendency to publish anything without regard for the truth.
However, to the astonishment of the five conspirators, the fake
monster trick had worked far too well. The photo of
the monster had
become international news! Even more amazing, the
Scientific Community by and large gave its approval.
had been perfect. Maybe too perfect. The idea of the moving
submarine was brilliant. The illusion of motion really helped sell the
authenticity. By mounting the fake monster on a toy
submarine, the waves created around the serpent helped
create a highly realistic photo. In the photo,
the waves suggested this monster was clearly moving through
the water. This helped dispel any suspicion of a fake
But the real
coup was getting someone respectable like Dr. Wilson to join the
plot and draw suspicion away from Duke Wetherell.
plan was for Marmaduke to come forward and tell an
competing newspaper how he had pulled one over on the
Daily Mail. But Duke had not expected the
photo would be widely accepted by the public as real.
That surprise changed everything. Now the conspirators realized they would taking a real chance
were they to come clean. The pranksters were trapped
by their own success. Their trick had aroused such a
huge fuss, now they were afraid to confess.
Dr. Wilson had the
most to lose. His medical practice depended on the
respect of every professional person in London. One
slip and his reputation was ruined. Christian Spurling,
Marmaduke and Ian Wetherell weren't in the clear either.
At the least, they might be facing criminal prosecution, but
at the worst the wrath of an entire world might drop on
their heads for tricking them. If the truth came out,
would some disappointed monster lover beat them up or burn
their house down?
All five men
agreed that to expose the monster as fake now would doom
them to be regarded as the worst people on the planet.
The pranksters decided the smartest path was to keep quiet.
That explains why Marmaduke abandoned his revenge angle. He felt things had gotten too out of hand to speak up now.
Instead he wisely chose to laugh quietly to himself.
So Marmaduke remained uncharacteristically silent until his
death in the 1950's.
Dr. Wilson had gone
a separate route. As the clamor rose for the identity
of the photographer, he knew someone at the Daily
Mail would eventually leak his name. At that point, there would
be many questions.
Seeing how there
was no way he was going to dodge being identified at some
took the bull by the horns and decided to step forward.
Better to speak up and play the hero than wait to be
identified. Wilson granted the Commander Rupert
Gould an interview. By
wrapping himself in the respectability of Gould's
upcoming book on the Loch Ness monster, Wilson could
establish his 'alibi' and pray that it took hold.
had earlier claimed his friend was a married woman, now he
admitted it had been Maurice Chambers who was in the car
with him. Wilson figured the more truth he told, the better
his chances of coming out unscathed.
And with that,
Spurling concluded his story. He pointed out that he
didn't care what anyone thought about him. And the
other four were long gone. Duke Wetherell and Maurice Chambers died
in the mid-Fifties. R. Kenneth Wilson died in Australia in
1969. His stepbrother Ian Wetherell had died in 1986.
In an odd turn,
Christian Spurling himself died in November 1993. This
happened just weeks after
finishing the interviews regarding his strange tale.
researchers decided to time their scoop to the 60th
anniversary of the photograph, so they
deliberately waited four months after his death before breaking the news.
Boyd and Martin released the
story of the scandal to the public on March
Of course, the
media immediately termed Spurling's story a "deathbed
confession", but that wasn't exactly true. After all, Boyd and
Martin had sought out Spurling, not the other way around.
it "deathbed confession" made it seem more dramatic, so
that's how people referred to it.
later in 1999, Boyd and Martin
would go on to offer every juicy detail in a book, Nessie:
the Surgeon's Photograph Exposed.
case anyone is curious, Spurling said the fake model is buried at Loch
Ness. Apparently shortly after the photo shoot, Duke Wetherell
heard the water bailiff approaching. Panicked at being caught, Wetherell stuck his foot out and crushed
the fragile model. Then he mashed it into the sand beneath the
So one can
assume there truly is at least one Loch Ness Monster lying
down at the bottom of Loch Ness.
(For a wonderful
2 minute National Geographic recap of this story,
Rick Archer's Note: Just
when you think things can't get any weirder, it turns out
there has been a recent 2013 replay of the Surgeon's Photo
scenario. And what is especially funny is that our old
friend the Daily Mail is carrying the story. Some
things never change!
Cruise Boat Skipper
By Lizzie Edmonds
The Daily Mail Online
5 October 2013
George Edwards' March 2012 photo was billed as some of the most convincing evidence that
the Loch Ness Monster did exist.
But now the skipper behind the image of Nessie has now confirmed
it is a fake.
George Edwards owned up to the hoax - saying he'd created
the fraud for 'a bit of fun'.
The 61-year-old simply photographed the same fake hump that
was featured in the 2011 National Geographic documentary, Truth
Behind the Loch Ness Monster.
Today Mr Edwards, who was involved in the production of the
documentary and had access to the fake hump, said he had no
regrets about the picture despite fooling people for over a
The image will now join a host of other fakes, including the
now notorious image taken by Dr Robert Kenneth Wilson in
1934 showing the monster's head and long neck.
George Edwards, pictured in his tour boat,
says the mystery of the monster brings tourism to the area.
He does not regret publishing his fake photo.
Nessie expert Steve Feltham pictured beside the carbon
that George Edwards used to produce his image.
This 'hump' was originally used in a 2011 National
Mr Edwards, a cruise boat operator on Loch Ness, produced
and published the image in March of 2012.
"Why should I feel
guilty for having a bit of fun?
Where would Loch Ness be without the world’s best known
forgery, the Surgeon’s Photograph?
These so-called experts come along with their theories
about big waves and big fish, and their visitor center, but
I’m sick to death of them.
People come here for a
holiday and a bit of fun. I’m one of the people who has
brought thousands of people to the Highlands over the
years. I can tell you they don’t come here for the
The skipper also added that the picture was well known as a
fake - and that he had owned up to it just days after the image
However, there is no record of Mr Edwards' confession.
Furthermore, at the time Mr Edwards released his
now-debunked picture, he was adamant it was genuine.
Back when Edwards was first questioned about his Monster
photo in 2012, he said at the time:
not want to mention my sighting until I was sure
that I had not photographed a log or something
inanimate in the water in the water.
I have friends
in the USA who have friends in the military. They had my photo analyzed and they have no
doubt that I photographed an animate object in
the water. I was really excited as I am sure
that some strange creatures are lurking in the
depths of Loch Ness."
Edwards told how he spent his life on the loch - around
60 hours a week - taking tourists out on his boat Nessie Hunter IV.
He has led numerous Nessie hunts
over the years.
said the image he photographed in 2012 convinced
him that there really was a monster out there. The image
showed a mysterious dark hump moving in the water
towards Urquhart Castle in the distance.
This is the picture George
Edwards published in March 2012.
He has now admitted that this picture is a fake.
Edwards said he did it for "the fun of it".
time Mr Edwards first released his picture, he was adamant
it was genuine. 'Unequivocal': Edwards said he had the
picture independently verified by a team of US military
monster experts as well as a Nessie sighting specialist.
He now says he released the image for 'a bit of fun'
Back in 2012, Edwards said this about his photograph:
"I was just about to return to
Temple Pier in Drumnadrochit and I went to the back
of the boat which was facing the pier and that’s
when I saw it.
It was slowly moving up the loch towards Urquhart
Castle and it was a dark grey colour. It was quite a
fair way from the boat, probably about half a mile
away but it’s difficult to tell in water.
I watched the
object for five to ten minutes, then it slowly sank
below the surface and never resurfaced.
convinced I was seeing Nessie as I believe in these
creatures. Far too many people have being seeing them for
far too long."
The first recorded sighting was in 565 AD and there have
been thousands of eye witness reports since then.
All these people can’t be telling lies. And the fact the
reports stretch over so many years mean there can’t just be
one of them. I’m convinced there are several monsters."
Meanwhile, local people are up in arms.
Feltham, a man who has dedicated the past
22 years to hunting for Nessie, was praising Edwards' photo
a year ago. Mr. Feltham was unequivocal when he said
is the best photograph [of the monster] I think I have ever seen.'
'I think the images are fantastic - that’s the animal I have
been looking for all this time.
'I would say it doesn’t prove what Nessie is, but it does
prove what Nessie isn’t. A sturgeon is a fish that has
been put forward as one of the main explanations as to what Nessie could be.
But this hasn’t got a serrated spine like
Yesterday, Mr Feltham said the admission harmed Mr Edwards’
credibility and the Loch Ness Monster brand. Feltham added
that the skipper is nothing more than a fake and a
'It does the subject
[of the monster] no good and damages his own
'When you read things like this in the papers, people will
think it’s all just a fairytale.'
'But if you read the reports and books you’re more likely to
think that something is there to be explained. He’s supposed
to be taking people out on tours but he’s nothing more than
a faker and a liar.'
The Loch Ness area is no stranger to controversy. Over
the years, the Monster has been the subject of many
sightings in the Scottish Highlands. Out of the hundreds of supposed sightings over the
years, most have been dismissed as hoax or
In the past, Mr Edwards
has criticized area's tourist community,
who he says takes a 'scientific' rather than a 'fun' approach
Edwards has said the Drumnadrochit Chamber of Commerce treats the
monster as 'a myth' which damages the tourist industry.
In June, Edwards wrote an open letter to the group in which
"Most of the people I talk to on my boat know that
it’s just a bit of fun. What brings more people to Loch Ness - my little stories
about Nessie, or the so-called experts going on about big
waves and big fish? They should stop taking themselves so
At the end of the day there’s no such thing as an expert on
Loch Ness, just people with an opinion."
Latest Loch Ness
'Sighting' Causes a Monstrous Fight
Written by Jenny Gross
The Wall Street Journal
October 4, 2013
Photo Emerges to Shake the Faith in Drumnadrochit
Steve Feltham was surveying the shores of the Loch
Ness last summer when his cellphone rang, breaking his
concentration. A local reporter was calling to say she had
just received a photo of the Loch Ness Monster—its arched
hump protruding from the waters—and she wanted to run it by
him before sending it to print.
Mr. Feltham, a full-time monster hunter for 22 years,
studied the photo.
"It is the best photograph I think I have ever seen," he
told the journalist at the Inverness Courier from his home,
a van parked on the pebbled shores of Loch Ness.
Many in Drumnadrochit, a village in northern Scotland, and
throughout Britain, hailed the photo taken by George
Edwards, a tour guide, as one of the most convincing monster
pictures ever taken. It is the centerpiece of his tour
company which operates out of Nessieland, a Loch Ness
tourism center. He sells postcards of his photos to
passengers for 50 pence (80 cents) apiece.
But now Mr.
Feltham has retracted his backing of a photo
of Nessie, igniting a controversy.
Mr. Feltham says his endorsement was a grave error. He says he soon realized the
photo was actually of a 6-foot-long fiberglass hump used as a prop
in a documentary filmed on Mr. Edwards's boat in 2011.
Other local experts agreed. Adrian Shine,
a Nessie researcher and designer of the Loch Ness Center and
Exhibition, and Dick Raynor, another researcher, say the photo is so
obviously fake that it's an insult to visitors.
Mr. Edwards's photo has become the centerpiece
of a fierce debate ripping through Drumnadrochit.
It has exposed a
bitter truth: Some key players in the Nessie industry don't believe
the Loch Ness Monster exists.
One Monday afternoon recently, Mr.
Edwards lashed out at his critics to passengers on his tour
Nothing irritates him more than the
fact that some of his customers have just walked over from
the Loch Ness Center and Exhibition
where they are told the monster may not be real
(the Center sits 300 yards
from Nessieland). They are
so depressed that these people are ready to go to home.
Incredulous, Mr. Edwards in May escalated his complaint with
the town's fathers.
"I carry thousands of tourists
on Nessie Hunter every year and I am concerned when
passengers tell me that after they have visited the
self-proclaimed Official Loch Ness Exhibition and Center
they come out feeling disappointed after [being] told
that Nessie is a myth or a figment of the imagination."
Mr. Edwards wrote in a letter to
the Drumnadrochit Chamber of Commerce.
"In recent years we have seen a
decline in tourism across Scotland and maybe it is time
for Adrian Shine to put up or shut up."
Tony Harmsworth is
the author of the book
Monster, Nessie & Me.
He is also a
tour guide and the editor of the
chamber's website. In a written
response to Edwards' comments, Harmsworth
accused Mr. Edwards of treating tourists like gullible fools
and sending them away with "their heads full of garbage.
Edwards should not have to
resort to 'fakery' to keep his customers entertained".
Says Mr. Shine: "I would concur
with that. That is exactly what he [Mr. Edwards] does and
what he now admits of doing. He says people like
it this way."
agreed with Harmsworth or Shine. The Chamber of Commerce demanded
Mr. Harmsworth remove his rebuttal to Mr. Edwards from the
website, along with any other critical comments about Mr.
Disgusted members of
the Chamber of Commerce as well as the Loch Ness Center and
Exhibition resigned in protest. Robert Cockburn, the
Chamber chairman, says the group is officially neutral on Nessie's existence, and he is ambivalent on the Loch Ness
failed to back him,
Mr Harmsworth subsequently also resigned from the Drumnadrochit
Chamber of Commerce.
Mr. Harmsworth argues that monsters
cannot possibly live in Loch Ness. "Can anyone trust what
the chamber is doing anymore?" he said. "To just feed people
fake pictures because that's what you think they want is not
really the way forward for tourism in the Highlands of
Obviously Edward's fake photograph has exposed a rift in the
Loch Ness community as deep as the Great Glen itself. Some
support the 'commercial approach' while others prefer to
stick to science.
battle front is the competing tourist centers, Nessieland
and the Loch Ness Center.
Their tours start similarly with
visitors walking through a dark, tunnel-like
entrance. But at Nessieland, tourists are regaled
with tales of monster sightings and secret passages in the
loch where Nessie may be lurking.
Loch Ness Center casts the monster as a myth. When it
talks about supposed sightings of the monster since 1933, it
plays circus music in the background.
The two tourist centers have a history of not getting along.
In June, police cautioned and charged the owner of
Nessieland, Donald Skinner, for stealing a sign outside
the Loch Ness Center. Skinner said he "took custodianship"
of the sign because it was blocking one of his own.
Mr. Shine says tourists would rather know the truth than be
But Mr. Edwards, who was laid off from his job as an oil worker
in the 1980s, disagrees. He says his critics are trying to destroy Loch
Ness, which depends heavily on tourism. "Can you imagine if
Mr. Shine or Mr. Raynor came across to America and walked
into Disneyland and told all the children there's no such
thing as Mickey Mouse? Don't be taken in by all this rubbish.
That's what they're doing here."
Mr. Edwards adds that he has no doubt that there are some
mysterious creatures in the Loch Ness, including Nessie.
But he also has a confession. Throughout the fracas over his
photo, it is true he insisted to the local media it was real. He
initially declined to comment to The Wall Street Journal.
But he has relented, recently telling a boat full of
passengers that he manufactured the shot to win attention
for Nessie and to prove how easy it is to fake photos.
However, he said another photo he took of Nessie—from
summers ago—is for real:
"I've taken photographs over the years. One in particular,
on the 6th of June, 1986, is an absolutely genuine
The George Edwards Loch Ness Photos
Debunked as a Hoax
Thoughts from Steve Kulls
February 8, 2013
"There are times when I write something with a heavy heart,
and this is one such occasion.
In February 2011, I [Steve Kulls]
was the team leader for the National
Geographic special, The Truth
Behind the Loch Ness Monster.
The skipper for
the boat we used, The Nessie Hunter, was George Edwards.
a life long tour boat guide on the Loch who claimed to have
two sightings of the famed Nessie.
In March 2012 George released what was purported to be the
best picture of Nessie yet.
(February 8, 2013) while doing a radio show, someone
asked if I had seen the photos of George Edwards. I did not,
but then I was suddenly surprised as I remembered our
weathered Scottish captain.
When I saw the pictures, my heart sank as I recognized it
That picture of
Nessie was almost certainly the same prop we had used in our
documentary. I was sure of it.
I began to think
back. I remember George on the top deck of the
boat, taking pictures of our prop hump,
the one we used in sighting recreations for the
program. The hump itself, was not made by the crew but had
previously been used for another program.
Yes, they are certainly the same.
Sorry George, I now believe you are
a hoaxer, and I say this with a heavy heart.
But it is what it is.
I also remember being suspicious
of George. When our 3 day boat
expedition had come to an end,
it was time for the polygraph tests of some of the
eyewitnesses. These tests were
administered by the super examiner and Scotland Yard
retiree, David Byrd, who was
Both Mikko Takala and the nice lady from the Highlands
passed the test with flying colors. Then it came time for
George’s turn. He looked nervous
as hell. Edwards failed the test.
Due to George running a local tourist business, a decision
was made by the production team to cut that from the final
copy of the show, as did the hydrophone testing run by the
Marine Biologists brought in.
Although I say this with a heavy heart, I am so proud
of polygrapher David Byrd
who was right on the money.
It seems that the two people
involved in the show who turned
out to be hoaxers,
their main motive was money.
First Preston, trying to
sell his photograph to anyone who wanted to put it in a
commercial application and now Edwards trying to boost his
tour boat business.
Well, yet another hoax busted and another hoaxer revealed.
But its all part of the job."
Behind the Loch Ness Monster
fake photo of Nessie, March 2012
Conclusion to the Loch Ness
Archer's Note: I hope you have enjoyed this story
of the Loch Ness Monster. I am sure you will agree it is a
tale that reveals a great deal about human nature.
By and large, I have
refrained from commenting along the way. My main objective was
to share a very entertaining story with the reader. Now I
would like to offer a few thoughts. However, before I share my
conclusions, I have a question to ask.
You have read my story.
Did you detect any clues
as to my own belief? Can you guess what is my
position on the Loch Ness Monster? Do I believe in its
existence or do I think the whole thing is utter nonsense?
I will have my answer at
The Spurling Confession
At its very core,
this story has been about truth, honesty, lies and
It is my opinion
that over the course of this story, people tend to get more
honest when they have less to gain and more dishonest when
they have more to gain. Time and again, we see the story
of this Monster has brought out both the best and the worst
Before we go
any further, let's discuss my own integrity. As one
might gather, I have absolutely nothing to gain from this
story financially. I couldn't care less about making a
buck. All I wish to do is entertain and educate.
Therefore I hope
the reader trusts me when I say I have not falsified any
admit I have a nagging feeling there are bound to be
inaccuracies in my story. Although I was thorough in
checking out many different sources, this is no guarantee I
got everything right. After all, my
story is only as good as the information contained in those
I ran across inconsistencies and contradictions time and
again. And there were times when explanations made no sense
at all. I felt that
the various writers juggled the facts whenever necessary to
fit their particular theory.
For a while, I
tried visiting every website possible to find some way to reconcile the inconsistencies, but
then I realized 90% of the writers simply copy each other.
They based their conclusions on the conclusions of people
who preceded them. So I gave up trying to be perfect. When faced with two
conflicting stories, I went with the version that made the
most sense to me. Although I am sure I guessed wrong on some
issues, I did the best I could.
So if you find
an obvious mistake in my story, don't be too surprised. Feel
free to point it out and I will correct it. This story
is not meant to be the Bible of the Loch Ness Monster, but
rather a fun retelling of a great fish tale.
researching, I became increasingly aware that there is still
a great deal of debate on all sorts of things. Of
course there is the neverending back and forth over the
existence of the Monster, but I was surprised to see there
is now a very serious debate over the truth of "Spurling's Confession"
1934, for sixty years the debate centered around the
validity of the Surgeon's Photo. Then starting in
1994, the past
twenty years has seen the debate include the validity of the
1994 Spurling Confession.
I was very surprised to discover some
people don't believe "Spurling's Death Bed
Confession" about Marmaduke's lust for revenge using the toy monster model.
still believe Wilson's Surgeon's Photo
disagree. They state that the "Spurling Death Bed Confession" makes
complete sense to them.
I could not
understand why these people were arguing so fiercely until
this information caught my eye:
"Tourism is said
to have generated an estimated $37 million to the Highlands in 1993, but then
came the crippling Christian Spurling deathbed confession.
The debunking of the Surgeon's Photo drove a serious stake
deep into the heart of the Nessie faithful across the
business has slowed down in recent years. In 2007, it was
estimated that Nessie tourism brought in an estimated £6
million ($12.2 million), less than a third compared to the
year that preceded the confession."
I had no idea
how devastating the 1994 news of Spurling's Confession has been
to the area's economy. Then it dawned on me - the Loch Ness
economy does much better when most people believe the
monster exists. Many yearn for the days to return when
the Surgeon's Photo ruled the earth. And the only way
that will ever happen is to discredit Spurling's Confession.
Colonel Robert Kenneth Wilson, the Surgeon
Like any good
detective, I always consider people's motives. When it
comes to Robert Wilson, I draw a blank.
the flamboyant Marmaduke Wetherell is clearly the star in this drama, I
found myself more drawn to Doctor Wilson. Of all the people
involved in this incredible tale, Wilson is the one I am
most curious about. I cannot even begin to fathom his
reasons for getting involved in this scam.
Marmaduke's motive, I can readily understand this man's
oversized ego craved renewed attention. And I can
readily accept that someone this vain would probably blame
others for his own shortcomings and seek revenge. This
man had a grudge to settle and came up with a very clever
way to discredit the London Daily Mail.
for Wetherell's brainchild, there was a serious hurdle to
cross. He needed to design a Trojan Horse that was
strong enough for the Daily Mail to accept it without
question. But in the end, his stepson Christian
Spurling's fake model was so good that not just the Daily
Mail bought the hoax, the whole world did as well!
However, the way
I see it, the main reason the London Daily Mail
accepted it so readily was the willingness of Dr. Wilson,
the eminent surgeon, to put his unquestioned reputation on
the line as a
way to convince the editors to accept the bait.
Why would he do
Why would a man
who has spent his entire life developing an unquestioned
reputation suddenly risk it all?
Marmaduke had a
bitter grudge. This was personal for him. But I found
no sign that Dr. Wilson
had a personal motive. Not one account of the tale
mentioned Wilson had any issue with
the London Daily Mail or the Loch Ness Monster.
Could it have
been money? Perhaps, but probably not. They say Wilson
sold the photo to the Daily Mail, but no one stated how much
he was paid. On the surface, the money hardly seems
to justify the chance he took. Besides, if the sum had
been huge, then surely someone would have mentioned the
In the end,
every single source I read said Wilson agreed to cooperate
because he loved a practical joke.
various sources all claimed that Wilson enjoyed a good prank. Fine. So do I. But there is a big difference between
egging a car window or TPing a tree in
front of a teenager's house versus cooperating in a
scam that was meant to fool every living person on Earth.
Let's stop and
think about this. Dr. Wilson had to make an appointment with
the editors at the London Daily Mail. He had to go in
and lie not to just one man, but more likely an entire army
of people who would be intensely curious about the photograph.
Wilson would have to lie to their faces about having a mistress
who identity he wanted to protect. This was the only
way he could think to persuade everyone to
promise to keep his name out of it.
What if someone
had a sixth sense? What if there was one Cassandra in
the group who had the sense to read Wilson's obvious
uneasiness and ask question after question? "What was
the woman's name?" "Where did the two of you stay?"
"How long have you known her?" And so on. With every new
lie, Wilson would get more and more nervous.
Now let me ask
the Reader a question. Would you do it? Would
you risk your own reputation??? Do you have the
kind of personality that enjoys fooling people? Do you
tell lies well in front of educated people?
I think we can
all agree there are sociopaths who have the right mental
attitude to pull this off, but how many of these people have
the discipline to become doctors? How many of these
people have the courage to fight Germans? How many of
these people become gun experts who regularly give lectures
on ballistics at a courthouse like Old Bailey, the
seat of justice in London?
Wilson had a wife and a family. He married his wife
Gwen in 1924. She was the daughter of Henrietta
Gulliver, an Australian painter. They had two sons, Richard
respectable men have been known to cheat on their wives.
But by telling the editors at the London Daily Mail he was
having an affair, he was risking his marriage as well.
He was giving these men the chance to pass whispers along that
could reach his wife.
In other words,
Dr. Wilson wasn't just risking his career, he was risking
his marriage and his reputation as a decent guy FOR A SILLY
Dr. Wilson does
not fit the profile of a prankster. In every way, Dr. Wilson was a straight arrow.
Family man. War hero. Respected doctor.
Why does a
straight arrow suddenly take a huge risk WITHOUT A MOTIVE?
A man who leads a responsible life in both the military and
the medical field doesn't seem like the type to take a
foolish and HIGHLY UNNECESSARY risk.
is that Wilson simply did not think through the ramifications
of his participation. Had the truth come out, I believe
Wilson's medical career could have been ruined. It is very
difficult to trust a doctor who deliberately lied to every
person on Earth about something that had become as important
as the question of the Monster's existence. And his
marriage could be in jeopardy as well.
It makes no
sense. There seems to be no motive that would explain
Wilson risked his reputation and his career for practically
nothing in return. In my opinion, once he sold
his lie to the
Daily Mail, Wilson had about three days or so to come
forward and tell the world it was a joke, ha ha ha, without
facing extreme consequences. However, once those three
days passed, Wilson was stuck with the burden of keeping
this secret for the rest of his life.
If I were a
betting man, I would guess there is more to this story than
meets the eye. For example, perhaps Dr. Wilson really
was having an affair. And perhaps Maurice Chambers
knew about it. Perhaps there was blackmail involved.
chap, I have this favor I want you to do for me. And
in return, I'll keep mum about that Minister of Parliament's
wife you've been seeing."
explain everything. That would be a very effective
motivation. But this is only a guess on my part.
In the end,
like a lot of people who speculate about the Loch Ness
story, maybe I am guilty of thinking too much. Maybe Dr. Wilson had a risk-seeking personality.
Maybe he liked taking chances. Maybe that's why he was
so good at parachuting behind enemy lines, a very dangerous
assignment. The explanation might just be that simple.
Maybe Doctor Wilson got off on Risky Business.
To me, the true
reason for Wilson's participation remains as big a
mystery as the existence of the Loch Ness Monster itself.
Christian Spurling Telling a Lie on His Deathbed?
There are people
who think Christian Spurling lied about the entire story.
They don't believe a word he said.
There are also
people who don't
believe some of what Loch Ness researchers David Martin and Alistair Boyd said in
their book about Spurling's "deathbed confession".
correctly point out how suspicious it was that Martin and Boyd waited
till Spurling died before releasing their findings.
Why didn't these two men simply go straight to the
newspapers the day after the interview ended?
wait? What benefit is there to wait?
The cynics have
pointed out that by waiting for Spurling to die, no one could contradict their story.
No one could ask Spurling any questions of their own.
The whole world had no choice but to take Boyd and Martin's
word that's what Spurling had told them.
I have to agree
these cynics have a point. This stuff about
"coinciding with the 60th Anniversary of the Surgeon's
Photo" doesn't ring true.
Of course there
could be reasons we don't know about. Maybe Spurling asked
the two men to wait till he died for his wife's sake or
something like that.
The thing that bothers me is that
Boyd and Martin said they taped the interviews. If that's the
case, I wonder if Martin and Boyd have allowed their critics
to listen to the tapes??
direct their suspicion at Boyd and Martin, there are others
who claim Christian Spurling made up the entire story in the
last days of his life.
'Spurling Confession' critic is a man named Henry Bauer. Dr. Bauer is an emeritus
professor of chemistry and science studies at Virginia Tech.
Dr. Bauer has
27 page Powerpoint on the Internet to prove that
Christian Spurling was lying on his deathbed and that this whole elaborate story about the balsa wood
model and Marmaduke's revenge motive is nonsense.
I took a brief stroll
through all 27 pages. I can certainly attest that Dr.
Bauer went to a lot of trouble. I was impressed with
how thorough he was.
That said, I
don't agree with Dr. Bauer. I have a hard time believing
that a 90-year old man in failing health is going to make up
a story as intricate as Mastermind Marmaduke's revenge
story. Mind you, Spurling's wife is listening in. Mind
you, two investigators are taping his every word.
story is plausible with plenty of details. If
Marmaduke is crazy enough to try one hoax - the stupid hippo
foot - why would it surprise anyone to think Marmaduke
wouldn't try another trick after he has been disgraced?
confession is good for the soul. When death seems
inevitable, this might be a good time to share dark secrets
that have burdened an individual during their lifetime. There
are religious reasons to come clean - if one is about to be judged at the Pearly Gates, it probably
wouldn't hurt to depart the world with a clear conscience.
And there are humanitarian reasons to come clean - Spurling might have seen
the benefit in
shedding light on one of the greatest lies in modern
thoughts about confession, can the Reader recall any story
where someone on their death bed has actually made up a
giant lie? There are several Top Ten deathbed
confessions lists on the Internet (Spurling is on all of
them), but there are no Top Ten deathbed lies.
someone has a dark secret but doesn't want to share it, they
simply say nothing. I imagine many a
man has died with a dark secret on his conscience that he
chooses to withhold. I have been awaiting for someone
to reveal the secret of the Kennedy Assassination, but no
one has spoken so far and it seems unlikely we will ever
know the truth.
But I have never
heard of anyone making up a lie on their deathbed as Dr.
Bauer would have us believe, much less a highly complicated
story such as Spurling's. Wouldn't it be much easier
to tell Boyd and Martin to simply bugger off?
Of course it
What would be
the motive for a dying 90 year old to tell such a convincing
lie at that stage of his life? What would be his
motive? There was no money involved. There was
no glory involved. There was no one's reputation to
I have a silly
personal reason to disbelieve Spurling concocted a lie.
If this 90-year man made up this story, then I'm jealous!
many 90 year old men on their deathbed have the energy or
the imagination to make up a whopper of a tale?
Let's start with
four things we know.
1. We know
Marmaduke was busted for his hippo footprint.
2. We know Robert Kenneth Wilson is responsible for taking
the "Surgeon's Photo" to the Daily Mail.
3. We know that there is a known link between Dr. Wilson and
Marmaduke... Maurice Chambers.
4. We know that Ian Wetherell, Marmaduke's son, made a
December 7, 1975, in the Sunday Telegraph that
incriminated his father, himself AND Maurice Chambers in
creating a fake Loch Ness monster.
Now someone like
Dr. Bauer suggests a dying
man with no obvious ax to grind takes all four of those
facts and blends them into a consistent story.
Let me share
something... I write all the time and not once in my life
have I ever concocted a story anywhere near as brilliant as
the tale of Marmaduke's Revenge. It would crush
me to think this poor man Spurling who is barely alive can
be so ridiculously creative to think this intricate tale up
on the spot just to throw off the entire world one more
time. Why can't I be that clever?
Not only do
I believe the Spurling confession is real,
there is one more thing....
.... I am simply dumbfounded by
the fact that countless people have dedicated their lives to
arguing about the existence of the Loch Ness Monster.
People have invested countless hours writing books, disputing which Nessie picture is real and which is fake,
arguing about the angle of the monster's neck in the fake
photo as if this matters, creating complex
theories, and arguing about who is telling the truth and who
is manipulating the truth.
It just boggles the mind
how absorbed some of these people are. And I can see
how it happens... it just happened to me!
to, I accidentally nearly wrote a book about Dr. Wilson and
Christian Spurling. I just couldn't stop typing!
If there is any
curse attached to the Loch Ness Monster, it would be the
curse of driving people crazy by tricking them into arguing!
The back and
forth about the existence of the Loch Ness Monster is almost
as controversial as any good Bible dispute.
And in the end,
no one can really prove anything.... but does that keep us
from trying? Hell no.
The Wish to have a Monster
The famous Surgeon's
Photo was taken on 19 April, 1934.
triggered a public passion for “Nessie” that
lives to this day. In 2014, we will mark the
80th Anniversary of that iconic picture. What is remarkable is that
80 years later without a
definitive SIGHTING, there are still people who devote their
lives to searching for the monster.
Cary Cooper, professor
of psychology and health at Lancaster University, explained
why he thought Nessie had captured people’s imagination for so
people’s lives are incredibly mundane and predictable, and from
that a desire to find something “inexplicable” – monsters,
spaceships or aliens, runs through us. Science says Nessie
cannot exist, and even if she did they would have found her by
now, but that only seems to fuel the flames for theories.
The famous picture has been dismissed as a fake, but that has not
stopped people wanting to believe that she is real – that she
defies what the rational scientists tell us.
If you add to people’s natural leaning for a belief in the
unexplained to the slick marketing machine behind the monster,
you have a mystery that will never die.”
People predicted Spurling's Confession would be the end of the
Loch Ness Monster, right?
Not even close. Although it may have dampened the enthusiasm a
bit, the Loch
Ness Monster industry is still thriving today.
Tourists still flock to
the Loch to have a peek. Every year there is a new
documentary such as the 2011 National Geographic investigation. Every few years there's a
new, expensive expedition that sets out to find the Truth.
Sometimes people go to
extraordinary lengths. For example, there was a 2003 BBC
special that employed satellites in outer space and 600 separate
sonar beams to try to track down the beast once and for all...
The BBC used
satellite navigation technology to aim 600 separate sonar beams
through Loch Ness to ensure that none of the loch was missed.
The research team hoped their instruments would pick up the air
in Nessie’s lungs as it reflected a distorted signal back to the
sonar sensors. The only signal they got was from their test buoy
moored several meters below the surface.
“We went from shoreline to shoreline, top to bottom on this one,
we have covered everything in this loch and we saw no signs of
any large living animal in the loch,” said Ian Florence, one of
the specialists who carried out the survey for the BBC. The
show, called Searching For The Loch Ness Monster, was
made for BBC One.
They found no trace of
the monster. But did anyone ever
quit? Heck, no.
The fact that there are "cryptozoologists" in the world should tell
us something. I had no idea what that word meant, so I looked
is a person who specializes in tracking legendary creatures to prove
they're real, i.e.
the type of person who spends a lot of time looking for Bigfoot and the Loch Ness
Monster. Indeed there are people who
have staked their reputations on the creature being real and depend
on the income from books asserting such.
"My Loch Ness theory is
better than yours!"
Not just the
but also people like the Loch Ness tour guides have staked out well-defined positions on the Monster. When
one realizes that someone's income depends on being right, then one
realizes why grown men and women go to battle every day over
the "wooden head glued to a
toy submarine" theory... and why two Loch Ness tourist traps
espousing opposite positions argue with each other on a
The Truth is
Out There... Somewhere
So what do I believe
about the Loch Ness Monster?
You might be surprised
to think I believe there is probably something to the legend.
Actually I am a little surprised myself.
The first time I studied
this story back in 2010, I came away completely convinced this was
the domain of hoaxers and con men. But this time I went much
deeper. I spent time reading some of the testimony of the
people who claimed to have witnessed the creature. I came away
believing these people. They saw something. They
don't know what it is they saw, but they saw something.
Although I have a
healthy streak of skepticism in me, I am not cynical. I
believe most people tell the truth, especially when it comes to
issues where they have nothing to gain.
everyone else, Marla and I took our shot at watching the lake
In my heart, I believe
most of the Monster Sighters are people who were telling the truth.
Now it could be that they mistook a duck swimming in the distance for
Or it could very
well be that whatever they saw 27 times in one year back in 1933 may be long gone
But that is no
reason to dismiss the heart-felt testimony of a thousand witnesses
over 80 years.
They saw something. That's good enough for me.
In closing, I would like
to point out that Alistair Boyd, one of the two men who took down
Christian Spurling's Deathbed Confession, is still a believer
Boyd has categorically stated that in spite of the
hoax he helped unveil, he is still as an
ardent believer in the creature's existence. Why?
Because Boyd himself has personally seen the beast at close quarters.
Seeing is believing. To emphasize his
point, Alastair Boyd spent three weeks in 1996 observing the Loch.
Although he was not fortunate enough to obtain a sighting,
16 other people staying at the Craigdarroch Hotel did, much to their
By exposing the hoaxes,
Boyd says he has merely discarded a single piece of
supposed evidence of dubious origins.
Boyd says this does not rule out the remainder of the evidence amassed from
Boyd Still Believes in Loch Ness Monster
LONDON (Reuter) -
Researcher Alastair Boyd,
the man who helped expose
the most famous Loch Ness monster picture as a fraud, still
believes in the creature, Britain's Today newspaper reported
It quoted Boyd as saying he was convinced he saw Nessie, as
the monster of popular legend is known, in the Scottish loch in
"I saw it roll around in the water like a whale. It must
have been at least 20 feet long.
That is why I'm skeptical of people who claim to have taken
When you see it, you don't have time to fiddle with a
are too busy picking your jaw off the ground.
that it is ironic
given my involvement in the Spurling case, but I still believe there are creatures
The Body of Nessie Found (April
Fool's Day - 1972)
Original Source of Story
On the morning of Friday March 31, 1972, an eight-member
team of scientists from Yorkshire's Flamingo Park Zoo was
having breakfast in the dining room of the Foyers House
hotel, on the shore of Loch Ness. They were there on a joint
mission with the Loch Ness Phenomena Bureau to prove the
existence of a monster in the loch. They had developed a new
form of "hormone sex bait" that they hoped would lure Nessie
out of the depths.
As they dug into their bacon and eggs, the manager of the
hotel approached them. Someone had just called, she said, to
report seeing a "large hump" floating in the loch near the
hotel. Intrigued, the team put down their knives and forks
and walked outside. Sure enough, a large, dark object was
bobbing up and down in the waves about 300-yards offshore.
Terence O'Brien, the leader of the team, immediately swung
into action. He directed the team into their boat, and they
headed out to investigate. Twenty minutes later, at around 9
a.m., they returned, dragging behind them a bizarre object.
It appeared to be the dead body of the Loch Ness Monster.
Within hours, news of the discovery had reached the rest of
the world. Television news anchors solemnly informed their
audiences that the Loch Ness Monster had been found, but was
dead. Reporters rushed to the loch to get more details.
Local residents confirmed that something weird had been
dragged out of the water. Robert MacKenzie, a 23-year-old
Inverness musician, said, "I touched it and put my hand in
its mouth. It's real, all right. I thought it looked
half-bear and half-seal... green in color... with a horrific
head like a bear with flat ears. I was shocked."
Other witnesses told reporters the creature had been between
12 and 18 feet in length and must have weighed up to 1½
tons. They said it had a green body without scales and was
like a cross between a walrus and a seal.
Eventually reporters contacted Don Robinson, Director of the
Flamingo Park Zoo, who said, "I've always been skeptical
about the Loch Ness Monster, but this is definitely a
monster, no doubt about that. From the reports I've had, no
one has ever seen anything like it before... a fishy, scaly
body with a massive head and big protruding teeth."
The next morning, April 1, the discovery made front-page
headlines around the world. The British press dubbed the
creature "Son of Nessie."
April 1, 1972 headline in the Los Angeles Times
Meanwhile, the creature itself was no longer at the Loch.
After dragging the carcass back to the shore, the scientists
from the Flamingo Park Zoo had sent a telegram to their
boss, Don Robinson, and had then quickly loaded the body
into their truck and taken off, intending to transport the
monster back to the zoo for study. Mrs. Margrete Good,
manager of the hotel, later told the press, "The zoologists
were thrilled to bits."
But when the local Inverness police heard that the
scientists had hightailed it with the Loch Ness Monster,
they were infuriated. These were English scientists, after
all, removing Scotland's most famous lake monster — upon
which depended a vast, lucrative tourist trade.
Immediately the police radioed their colleagues in the
Fifeshire County police department, explained the situation,
and asked them to chase down the fleeing truck and apprehend
the monster-nappers. They cited a 1933 Act of Parliament
that prohibited the removal of "unidentified creatures" from
Sirens wailing, police cars sped off. They soon caught up
with the team of scientists. The frightened zoologists
readily cooperated with the police, pulling over to the side
of the road, and then opening the back of the truck to show
the officers what they were carrying. Sure enough, according
to the subsequent police report, lying inside the truck was
a large "green and scaly" creature.
The police officers, not quite sure what to do next, radioed
back to the station for advice. They were told to take the
monster to the nearest town, Dunfermline, where it could be
examined by Scottish scientists.
The Monster Identified
In Dunfermline, the police searched around for an
appropriate scientist to examine the creature, and
eventually persuaded Michael Rushton, general curator of the
Edinburgh Zoo, to come up and look at it.
When Rushton arrived, he walked slowly around the carcass a
few times, poked it once or twice, and then announced his
verdict. It was indeed a strange creature, but it was no
lake monster. Instead, it was a bull elephant seal, whose
natural home was the South Atlantic Ocean, thousands of
miles away from Scotland. Furthermore, the body showed signs
of having been frozen for an extended period of time.
Rushton told the press, "It is a typical member of its
species. It's about 3 to 4 years old... I have never known
them to come near Great Britain. Their natural habitat is
the South Atlantic, Falkland Islands or South Georgia. I
don't know how long it's been kept in a deep freeze but this
has obviously been done by some human hand."
How a bull elephant seal came to be floating in Loch Ness
remained a mystery until the next day, when a hoaxer stepped
forward to confess. John Shields, the Flamingo Park Zoo's
education officer, admitted it was his doing.
Shields explained that an expedition to the Falkland Islands
had recently brought the seal back to the UK. It had lived
briefly at the Dudley Zoo, but died soon after arrival. When
he learned of this, Shields realized it offered an
opportunity to prank his colleagues, who he knew were going
up to Loch Ness to search for the monster.
Shields gained possession of the elephant seal, shaved off
its whiskers, padded its cheeks with stones, and kept it
frozen for a week. Then he dumped it in the Loch and phoned
in a tip to make sure his colleagues found it. He timed the
prank so that news of the discovery of the Loch Ness Monster
would make headlines on April 1 — April Fool's Day, which
happened to also be his 23rd birthday.
Headline from The Geneva Times
Shields admitted the joke got out of hand when his
colleagues decided to remove the dead animal from Loch Ness
and were chased down by the police.
He also noted that the creature wasn't quite as impressive
as initial press reports had claimed. It was only nine-feet
long and weighed 350-pounds. Still, it had been a very
strange thing to find floating in the Loch.
Police Superintendent Inas McKay of Inverness gave the press
the final, official verdict on the incident: "It's just an
April Fool's Day joke."
Having determined that the dead animal was not the Loch Ness
Monster, the police had no further interest in it. So they
returned the carcass to the team from the Flamingo Park Zoo.
The team brought the seal back to the zoo, where they put it
back on ice and displayed it to crowds for a few days before
properly disposing of it.
The "monster" on display at the Flamingo Park Zoo
But this wasn't quite the end of the story. The prank turned
out to have unintended consequences for other visitors to
the loch. Two weeks later, 28-year-old Norman Slater, a
school teacher from Kenosha, Wisconsin, went on a fishing
trip on the Loch. While floating along, he dipped his hand
into the water. He later said that, as soon as he did so, he
detected, by means of his extrasensory perception, the
presence of six large creatures in the water — a family of
Loch Ness Monsters.
Slater said that he saw a particularly vivid image of a
creature 70-90 feet in length, with a large neck and a slim,
worm-like body. Its bottom portion was white while its top
was dark brown and scaly. He said the creatures "seemed to
be just lying around on the bottom." Slater also claimed to
see images of underground passageways connecting the Loch to
But Slater was a victim of bad timing. He complained that,
despite the obvious scientific importance of his vision,
because of the recent April 1st prank he couldn't find any
reporters willing to take him seriously.